What is the treatment for an ankle sprain?

See: diagnosing an ankle sprain

An ankle sprain is an injury of the ligaments surrounding the ankle joint. It is important to rule out a fracture based on patient history and using the Ottawa Rules.

There are a few components to managing a simple sprain. These include:

Conservative management: (aka the RICE)
Rest
Ice
Compression with an ACE wrap
Elevation

Mechanical support:
Crutches
Ankle brace/lace-up
Possible referral to physical therapy if patient is not recovering function

Pain management:
NSAIDS (or Tylenol if the patient cannot take NSAIDs)
If very severe, may consider a couple of days of narcotics (Percocet, Vicodin)

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